Alaska (proposed voucher program)
This bill takes many elements from the ALEC model here. Some specific examples of language are identified below.
HOUSE BILL NO. 145 01 "An Act establishing the parental choice scholarship program to be administered by 02 school districts for the purpose of paying the cost of attending grades kindergarten 03 through 12 at public and private schools; and providing for an effective date." 04 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 05 * Section 1. AS 14 is amended by adding a new chapter to read: 06 Chapter 31. Parental Choice Scholarship Program. 07 Sec. 14.31.010. Parental choice scholarship program established. The 08 parental choice scholarship program is established for the purpose of providing public 09 funding of the cost of attending grades kindergarten through 12 at a public or private 10 school selected by the student's parent or legal guardian. Each school district shall 11 administer the program under the provisions of this chapter. 12 Sec. 14.31.020. Scholarship amount and eligibility. (a) A public school in 13 the state may receive a scholarship under the parental choice scholarship program on 14 behalf of a student who attends the school, regardless of the attendance area in the 01 school district in which the student resides. 02 (b) A private school qualifies to receive funding under the parental choice 03 scholarship program if the school 04 (1) submits an application to the district in which the school is located 05 on a form approved by the district indicating that the school intends to participate in 06 the program; 07 (2) meets the accountability and enrollment standards under 08 AS 14.31.025; and 09 (3) complies with AS 14.45.030 or 14.45.110 - 14.45.130 and 10 academic accountability standards that include nondiscriminatory practices and 11 regular reports to each student's parent or legal guardian on the student's progress. 12 (c) Notwithstanding the calculations required under AS 14.17, the district shall 13 pay to a qualified school attended by the student under this section a parental choice 14 scholarship that is equal to the lesser of [compare this language to the ALEC model here 15 (1) the amount the school district in which the student resides would 16 receive under AS 14.17 for a similarly situated student to attend a public school in the 17 district, except that the amount may not exceed 100 percent of the funding the school 18 receives and expends from all state and local sources for the student; or 19 (2) the actual annual cost to the school of educating the student, 20 including prorated facility and operating expenses. 21 (d) If a parent or legal guardian has selected a public school outside of the 22 attendance area in which the student resides for a scholarship under this section, the 23 school district in which the student resides may contribute to the reasonable costs of 24 transporting the student to the scholarship recipient school the state aid available under 25 AS 14.09.010 for transportation of the student. 26 (e) A scholarship received for the benefit of a student under this section must 27 be used for educational purposes. A scholarship is transferable among participating 28 schools. [ALEC section 3(D) here] 29 (f) A participating school shall include students who are enrolled under this 30 section in the student count for purposes of calculating state aid under AS 14.17.610. 31 Sec. 14.31.025. Accountability and enrollment standards for a 01 participating school. (a) A district shall approve a school for participation in the 02 parental choice scholarship program if the school 03 (1) operates in compliance with all applicable federal and state laws 04 pertaining to health and safety; 05 (2) does not discriminate in its admission and hiring practices as 06 prohibited under AS 14.18.010 - 14.18.100; 07 (3) admits students based on a random selection process, except that 08 the school may apply a preference for siblings; 09 (4) requires criminal history background checks as provided under 10 AS 12.62.400 for all individuals who are employed in or otherwise work in the school; 11 (5) if a private school, meets the following financial accountability 12 standards: 13 (A) submits to the district an annual financial report that 14 complies with uniform financial accounting standards approved by the district; 15 (B) submits to the district an annual auditor's report that the 16 financial report provided under (A) of this paragraph is 17 (i) free of material misstatements; 18 (ii) fairly represents the actual annual per pupil costs 19 claimed under the program; and 20 (iii) limited to records considered necessary to provide 21 the report; 22 (C) demonstrates the school's financial ability to repay to the 23 district any overpaid scholarship funds. 24 (b) A participating school is autonomous and may not be subject to additional 25 regulation by the state unless authorized under AS 14.31.010 - 14.31.090. [ALEC section 4.D here] 26 Sec. 14.31.035. District duties. (a) In implementing the parental choice 27 scholarship program, the district shall 28 (1) make scholarship payments directly to the school quarterly after 29 receiving proof satisfactory to the district that the student claimed under a scholarship 30 attends the school on a full-time basis; 31 (2) make available to students and students' parents or guardians a list 01 of schools that have been approved to participate in the program; and 02 (3) provide a standard application for use by a school to enroll a 03 student under the program; a school may, however, supplement the application. 04 (b) If the district denies an application or revokes approval of a school to 05 participate in the program, the district shall, after administrative and judicial appeal 06 periods have lapsed, immediately notify the affected students and the students' parents 07 or guardians. 08 Sec. 14.31.040. Regulations. The department shall adopt regulations necessary 09 to carry out the program, including 10 (1) timelines that will result in the highest number of student and 11 school participation; 12 (2) procedures for calculating for and distributing scholarships; 13 (3) procedures for application, renewal, and appeal for participating 14 schools and students; and 15 (4) standards for approval, revocation, and denial for participating 16 schools. 17 Sec. 14.31.045. Appropriations for scholarships. The legislature may 18 appropriate parental choice scholarship program funds to the department for 19 distribution to the districts. If the appropriation for the program is insufficient in a 20 given fiscal year, the department shall distribute the available funds to the districts 21 prorated by the number of participating students in the program. 22 Sec. 14.31.090. Definitions. In this chapter, 23 (1) "district" has the meaning given in AS 14.17.990; 24 (2) "private school" means a school located in the state that provides 25 education to students attending grades kindergarten through 12, or any combination of 26 those grades, and that does not receive direct state, local, or federal funding, except 27 parental choice scholarship funding; 28 (3) "program" means the parent choice scholarship program; 29 (4) "student" means a person residing in the state who is at least five 30 years of age but not more than 21 years of age. 31 * Sec. 2. This Act takes effect July 1, 2012.
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